What is Hematology and what is the role of the hematologist? What is Hematology? When they ask you what you do and you answer that you are a hematologist, that your specialty is Hematology, people associate it with analyzes, with clinical analyzes, but they are two very different specialties. The Clinical Analysis specialist carries out his work in the laboratory determining both blood cells,(What is Oncology?) proteins, sugars, enzymes, any element and substance that circulates in the bloodstream, involved in the functioning of all organs. While hematology is the medical specialty that is dedicated to the study of blood (blood cells and other components) and its disorders or alterations. Blood is a complex system (blood system), since it fulfils several functions and very different from each other.
Basically, the main organ is the bone marrow where blood cells are produced, which mature in the bone marrow and from there go out into the bloodstream. The fundamental blood cells are the red blood cells that contain the hemoglobin that transports oxygen, the white (Mammography)blood cells in charge of immunity for defense against infections and platelets (which are really fragments of cells) and among the different functions they have, the fundamental is the start of coagulation. Hematology in generic terms is responsible for the study of:
• Blood cells, whose alteration gives rise to various diseases (the best known anemias, lymphomas, leukemias, thrombocytopenias, etc.). Therefore, we find: Alterations in red blood cells, when there is a decrease in their number, anemias occur and when there is an increase, polyglobulias occur.
In the white blood cells, the decrease in the number is called leukopenia and the increase is leukocytosis.
And the same with platelets, its decrease gives rise to what we call thrombocytopenia and its increase to thrombocytosis. But hematological diseases do not only occur as an isolated defect of the different cell lines, for example an acute leukemia can manifest with a decrease in white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets or with an increase in white blood cells and(Breast cancer: Symptoms causes and treatment Us )decrease in red blood cells or red blood cells and platelets. In addition, also in Hematology there are different diseases that, in addition to the increase or decrease in the number of blood cells, present with an alteration in the quality, which means that they do not work as they should (diseases that occur withdefects in cell functioning, which they can be isolated from red blood cells or red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets or from all three cell lines).
• Coagulation, the alteration of which leads
to bleeding and thrombosis. Coagulation is the process in which a blood clot begins to form, but in a normal situation there is a balance in the entire organism and if everything works well, in the face of small habitual daily injuries in which the coagulation process begins, to that a clot or thrombus does not form, the same system dissolves it in such a way that everything remains as at the beginning with the entire blood vessel wall, this is a complex process constituted by the activation of multiple proteins. Defects in these coagulation proteins lead to bleeding or thrombosis, depending on what the defect is. And they can be hereditary, we all know hemophilia as a hemorrhagic cause or thrombophilias as a cause of thrombosis.
What is Hematology and what is the role of the hematologist?
• Blood transfusion, which is responsible for ensuring transfusion safety from blood collection to the transfusion of the person who needs it. It is a laborious process that begins with the collection of blood, then it is necessary to carry out the separation of the different components, since each one has its indication and they are transfused separately (red blood cells or red blood cells, plasma and platelets), having everything properly identified, stored under the conditions that each product requires, have been rigorously studied for diseases transmitted by transfusion and when the transfusion is required for whatever reason, anemia, surgery, etc.
What is the role of the Hematologist? Hematologist: A specialist in blood diseases.
Hematology is in charge of studying, diagnosing, preventing, treating and, as far as possible, curing those diseases related to blood, bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes. This branch of health science is responsible for the study of red and white blood cells, platelets, the coagulation mechanism, among others, are components of blood that the hematologist studies in depth; they can be said to be What is Hematology and what is the role of the hematologist?
the object of your work. Anyone children, young people, adults and the elderly can be seen by the hematologist, although to study the functions and disorders of blood in children there is a pediatric hematologist. Because blood is the element that circulates through every centimetre of the
organism, it is justified that it is an area worthy of investigation and specialization. Examples of the diseases that a hematologist usually treats are:
Anemia : aplastic (when the bone marrow produces too few red, white, andplatelet cells), hemolytic (when red blood cells are destroyed very quickly), iron deficiency (when iron is lacking), megaloblastic (presence of very large
red blood cells in the blood ), sickle cell (when there is an abnormality in hemoglobin).
Hemorrhagic disorders: hemophilia (hereditary, when constant bleeding occurs that cannot be stopped), idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (abnormal decrease in the number of platelets).
Leukemias, lymphomas, or other cancers in the blood.
Stem cell / bone marrow transplant (hematopoietic precursors). To diagnose any of these problems, the hematologist must perform a series of laboratory tests and request a thorough examination of all the components of the blood, to find which(Personal injury Attorney Cape Coral Fl) one is failing and generating the symptoms. A hematologist doctor prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases and disorders of the blood and other related body systems. You can work in clinics, hospitals, laboratories and universities. A hematologist uses his knowledge, skills, and abilities to watch out of your patients.
What is Hematology and what is the role of the hematologist?